Assigning more than 8 virtual CPUs in XenServer

With the XenServer Windows client called XenCenter it is possible to manage multiple XenServer hosts, create virtual machines, watch the console of virtual machines, etc. One of the limitations I recently ran into (this is a luxury problem, I know) is that it doesn’t allow you to assign more than 8 virtual CPUs (vCPUs) to a single VM.

However, on the command line you can increase this value to 32 for Linux VMs. First, let’s see which uuid is assigned to the VM we want to give more than 8 vCPUs:

xe vm-list

Now make sure that the VM is halted and then use this uuid in the following commands:

xe vm-param-set VCPUs-max=32 uuid=replace_with_uuid
xe vm-param-set VCPUs-at-startup=32 uuid=replace_with_uuid

If you want to increase the memory size beyond 16GB as well, e.g. to 32GB, add the following commands:

xe vm-param-set memory-static-max=34359738368 uuid=replace_with_uuid
xe vm-param-set memory-dynamic-max=34359738368 uuid=replace_with_uuid
xe vm-param-set memory-dynamic-min=34359738368 uuid=replace_with_uuid
xe vm-param-set memory-static-min=34359738368 uuid=replace_with_uuid

Restart the VM and enjoy! For a quick look if everything worked out, watch the output of this command inside the VM:

cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep processor | wc -l

4 thoughts on “Assigning more than 8 virtual CPUs in XenServer

  1. Permalink  ⋅ Reply

    Rick Collette

    April 26, 2011 at 6:20pm

    In XenServer 5.6 the memory config is a little different – its all one line, and instead of params, its vm-memory-limits-set.

    xe vm-memory-limits-set uuid=replace_with_uuid static-min=34359738368 dynamic-min=34359738368 dynamic-max=34359738368 static-max=34359738368

  2. Permalink  ⋅ Reply

    Garn LeBaron

    January 19, 2012 at 10:12pm

    Does XenServer see cores or cpu’s? I have a server with 4 cpu’s and 4 cores per cpu. So do I have 4 cpu’s to assign to vm’s or do I have 16 cpu’s to assign to vm’s?

    • Permalink  ⋅ Reply

      jansipke

      January 20, 2012 at 10:26am

      XenServer sees cores, so in your case 4 x 4 = 16

  3. Permalink  ⋅ Reply

    Steve

    May 30, 2013 at 8:08pm

    Assuming I have a server with 8 cores. There are 4 VMs having 2 vCPUs each and 1 VM with 6 vCPUs. Does the VM with 6 vCPUs need to wait until all 6 vCPUs are available before processing can occure for that VM?

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